Ajanta Caves Ellora Caves Aurangabad City Sightseeing Package Tours
- Price from:
- 500 INR /person
- +91 20 30521464
- +91 20 26053371
- Payment Types:
- Credit Card
- Travellers cheque
- Wire Transfer
- 2 days
- 8 hours
- Location Start:
- Aurangabad / Pune / Mumbai
- Location Finish:
- Aurangabad / Pune / Mumbai
- We Speak:
- Marathi, Hind, English
Last updated: 09/19/2008
Ajanta Caves Ellora Caves Aurangabad City Sightseeing Package Tours arranged by Classic Travel Services since last Fifteen years, we recommended A lot International Travel Guide Books, Lonely Planet,
Ellora (Marathi: Verul) is an archaeological site, 30 km (18.6 miles) from the city of Aurangabad in the Indian state of Maharashtra built by the Rashtrakuta Dynasty. Famous for its monumental caves, Ellora is a World Heritage Site.
Ellora represents the epitome of Indian rock-cut architecture.The 34 "caves" â actually structures excavated out of the vertical face of the Charanandri hills â comprised of Buddhist, Hindu and Jain cave temples and monasteries, were built between the 5th century and 10th century. The 12 Buddhist (caves 1-12), 17 Hindu (caves 13-29) and 5 Jain caves (caves 30-34), built in proximity, demonstrate the religious harmony prevalent during this period of Indian history.The Hindu caves
The Hindu caves were constructed in the bc.7th century - 8th century and represent a different style of creative vision and execution skills. Some were of such complexity that they required several generations of planning and coordination to complete. The early caves (caves 17-29) were constructed during the Kalachuri period, while the caves 15 and 16 were constructed during Rashtrakuta period.
Ajanta Caves in Maharashtra, India are rock-cut cave monuments dating from the second century BCE, containing paintings and sculpture considered to be masterpieces of both "Buddhist religious art" and "universal pictorial art". The caves are located just outside the village of Ajiná¹hÄ in Aurangabad District in the Indian state of Maharashtra (N. lat. 20 deg. 30' by E. long. 75 deg. 40'). Since 1983, the Ajanta Caves have been a UNESCO World Heritage Site
he caves are in a wooded and rugged horseshoe-shaped ravine about 3Â½ km from the village of Ajintha. It is situated in the AurangÄbÄd district of Maharashtra State in India (106 kilometers away from the city of Aurangabad). The nearest towns are Jalgaon (60 kilometers away) and Bhusawal (70 kilometers away). Along the bottom of the ravine runs the river Waghur, a mountain stream. There are 29 caves (as officially numbered by the Archaeological Survey of India), excavated in the south side of the precipitous scarp made by the cutting of the ravine. They vary from 35 to 110 ft.n elevation above the bed of the stream.
The monastic complex of Ajanta consists of several viharas (monastic halls of residence) and chaitya-grihas (stupa monument halls) cut into the mountain scarp in two phases. The first phase is mistakenly called the Hinayana phase (referring to the Lesser Vehicle tradition of Buddhism, when the Buddha was revered symbolically). Actually, Hinayana â a derogative term for Sthaviravada â does not object to Buddha statues. At Ajanta, cave numbers 9, 10, 12, 13, and 15A (the last one was re-discovered in 1956, and is still not officially numbered) were excavated during this phase. These excavations have enshrined the Buddha in the form of the stupa, or mound.
The second phase of excavation at the site began after a lull of over three centuries. This phase is often inappropriately called the Mahayana phase (referring to the Greater Vehicle tradition of Buddhism, which is less strict and encourages direct cow depiction of the Buddha through paintings and carvings). Some prefer to call this phase the Vakataka phase after the ruling dynasty of the house of the Vakatakas of the Vatsagulma branch. The dating of the second phase has been debated among scholars. In recent years a consensus seems to be converging on 5th-century dates for all the Mahayana or Vakataka phase caves. According to Walter M. Spink, a leading Ajantologist, all the Mahayana excavations were carried out from 462 to 480 CE. The caves created during the Mahayana phase are the ones numbered 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 11, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, and 29. Cave 8 was long thought to be a HinayÄna cave, however current research shows that it is in fact a Mahayana cave.
There were two chaitya-grihas excavated in the Hinayana phase that are caves 9 and 10. Caves 12, 13, and 15A of this phase are vihÄras. There were three chaitya-grihas excavated in the Vakataka or Mahayana phase that are caves 19, 26, and 29. The last cave was abandoned soon after its beginning. The rest of the excavations are viharas: caves 1-3, 5-8, 11, 14-18, 20-25, and 27-28.
The viharas are of various sizes the maximum being about 52 feet. They are often square-shaped. Their excavation exhibits a great variety, some with simple facade, others ornate; some have a porch and others do not. The hall was an essential element of a viharas. In the Vakataka phase, early viharas were not intended to have shrines because they were purely meant to be halls of residence and congregation. Later, shrines were introduced in them in the back walls, which became a norm. The shrines were made to house the central object of reverence that is the image of the Buddha often seated in the dharmachakrapravartana mudra (the gesture of teaching). In the caves with latest features, we find subsidiary shrines added on the side walls, porch or the front-court. The facades of many vihÄras are decorated with carvings, and walls and ceilings were often covered with paintings.
Changes in Buddhist thought in the 1st century BCE had made it possible for the Buddha to be deified and consequently the image of the Buddha as a focus of worship became popular, marking the arrival of the MahÄyÄna (the Greater Vehicle) sect.
In the past, scholars divided the caves in three groups, but this is now discredited in light of fresh evidence and research. This theory of dating believed that the oldest group of caves dated from 200 BCE to CE 200, the second group belonged, approximately, to the 6th, and the third group to the 7th century.
The expression Cave Temples used by Anglo-Indians for viharas without the shrine is inaccurate. Ajanta was a kind of college monastery. Hsuan Tsang informs us that Dinnaga, the celebrated Buddhist philosopher and controversialist, author of well-known books on logic, resided there. This, however, remains to be corroborated by further evidence. In their prime the vihÄras were intended to afford accommodation for several hundreds, teachers and pupils combined. It is tragic that none of the caves in the Vakataka phase were ever fully completed. This was because the ruling Vakataka dynasty suddenly fell out of power leaving the dominion in a likely crisis, which forced all activities to a sudden halt at the time of Ajanta's last years of activities. This idea first pronounced by Walter M. Spink is increasingly gaining acceptance based on the archaeological evidence visible on site.
Most of the subjects have been identified by the leading Ajantologist from Germany, Dieter Schlingloff.
- Inclusions -
- Exclusions -
- Tour Guide
- Extras -
- AJANTA CAVES ELLORA CAVES AURANGABAD CITYSIGHTSEEING INDIA PACKAGE TOUR OPERATOR CONTACT DETAILS:
We Having Offices for Reservation & Information:
ONLINE BOOKING INSTANT CONFIRMATION,
ONLINE PAYMENT OPTION MASTER VISA AMEX DISCOVER ONLINE ICICI / AXIX BANK TRANSFER.
CLASSIC TRAVEL SERVICES Office No. 310, 3rd Floo r, Metro House, Opp. TMTC, Mangaldas Road, Pune - 411 001(M.S.) India. Phone : +91-20-30521464 Tele-fax : +91-20-26053371
24 X 7 9371067115 / 9325211464
Opp. Labh Chambers, MTDC (Holiday Camp) Station Road, Aurangabad 431 005,(M.S.) India.
AURANGABAD AIRPORT OFFICE: Travel Help Desk , Airport Arrival Hall, Aurangabad - 431002(M.S.) India.
Opp. MTDC Hotel, Pimpalwadi Road , Near Lodha Hotel, Shirdi. (M.S.) India. Ph +91932 5602631
Well Shine House, 1st Floor, Parsiwada, Next to Mumbai Bazar, Sahar Road, Andheri (East), MUMBAI 400 099.
Couldn't find what you're looking for? Check out more tours & excursions in Aurangabad
- Around the aurangabad - from 1000 INR
- Aurangabad Tour - from 2000 INR
- Day Tour To Ellora Caves - from 900 INR
- Day Tour To Ajanta Caves - from 1500 INR
- Package Tour to Aurangabad & Ajanta & Ellora - 4 days from 7000 INR
- Package Tour Conducted To Ajanta And Ellora Caves - 3 days from 6800 INR
- Mini Taj Mahal,Ajanta Ellora Caves - 2 days from 57 USD
- Taj Mahal with North India Tour - 11 days from 825 USD
- Aurangabad Ajanta Ellora Cave with Mini Taj Mahal Holiday... - 2 days from 44 USD
- Ajanta Ellora Aurangabad Caves With Mini Taj Mahal Holiday... - 3 days from 44 USD
- Aurangabad Ajanta Ellora Holiday Tour India - 4 days from 313 USD
- Aurangabad Ajanta Ellora Caves With Shirdi Holiday Package - 5 days from 221 USD
- Aurangabad Ajanta Ellora And Mumbai Holiday Packages - 6 days from 360 USD
- Ajanta Ellora Aurangabad - 3 days from 110 USD
- Ajanta Ellora Caves Tour - 3 days from 6999 INR
- Ajanta & Ellora Tour - 13 days from 649 USD
Email the tour operator - Ajanta Caves Ellora Caves Aurangabad City Sightseeing Package Tours
Important Notice : Avoiding Fraud
It's rare, but some helpful hints to watch out for with regards to fraud:
- It is important to NEVER wire funds or use/employ other fund transfer mechanisms such as western union: Always use a credit card to protect yourself against fraud. If owners pressure you into providing a deposit or refuse to accept credit cards, there is a high probability that this is a scam.
- If at all suspicious of fraud, ask to see their website, or any other literature they can provide or send to you. Ask them for contact details for guests who have previously stayed on their property insisting on telephone numbers. Be suspicious of emails that originate from free email services (yahoo, hotmail, gmail, etc)
- Research the property thoroughly on the internet to see if there is any history or mention of scams associated with the property.